A top tourist attraction in Romania, the city was for centuries a key commercial center and a strong industrial hub during the long decades of communism when its name changed for 10 years to Stalin City. Population. Hungarian and Chinese). Die Stadt unter der Zinne liegt im gleichnamigen Kreis im Burzenland im Südosten Siebenbürgens, Rumänien. The metropolitan area is home to 382,896 residents.[6]. Like many other cities in Transylvania, Brașov is also home to a significant ethnic Hungarian minority. More tours on www.uncover-romania-tours.com. The city center is marked by the mayor's former office building (Casa Sfatului) and the surrounding square (piața), which includes one of the oldest buildings in Brașov, the Hirscher Haus. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It’s currently closed for visitors, but you can still walk up to the plateau for a great of Brasov. The Lutheran Cathedral in Sibiu tells a near-identical back-story. Als alleinige Antwort gibt es Kronstadt, die 43 Buchstaben hat. According to Dragoș Moldovanu, the name of Brașov came from the name of local river named Bârsa (also pronounced as "Bărsa") that was adopted by Slavs and transformed to Barsa, and later to Barsov, finally to Brasov. Part of the fortification ensemble was recently restored using UNESCO funds, and other projects are ongoing. It was constructed between 1385 and 1477 on the grounds of a previous church destroyed by Mongols in 1242. The old city is very well preserved and is best seen by taking the cable-car to the top of Tâmpa Mountain. Over 600 years old, this is the largest hall-church east of Vienna and one of the most impressive Gothic-style buildings from this corner of Europe. During the interwar period, the communities had separate institutions, but opened a jointly managed school in 1940. The real name of the town is the Magyar one: "BRASSO" (read [brasho]). [7] According to some historians, Corona was name of the city-fortress while Brassó was referring to the county, while others consider both names may refer to the city and the county as well. deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov - Neueste Antworten nach Veröffentlichungsort und Datum: The German influence can be seen in Brasov’s architecture, which wouldn’t look out of place in Bavaria! Pál Binder supposing it is a reference to the St. Catherine's Monastery. Romanian troops entered the city at around five o'clock p.m. and paraded towards the city square. You should spend at least one day here during your vacation in Romania, especially if you’re based in Bucharest. [citation needed]. It signified during Corvin reign of Hungary and Transylvania their own dynastic crown. The city also has several restaurants that serve local as well as international cuisine (e.g. [citation needed]. Brașov is located in the central part of the country, about 166 kilometres (103 miles) north of Bucharest and 380 kilometres (236 miles) from the Black Sea. Archaeologists working from the last half of the 19th century discovered continuous traces of human settlements in areas situated in Brașov: Valea Cetății, Pietrele lui Solomon, Șprenghi, Tâmpa, Dealul Melcilor, and Noua. It is also the birthplace of the national anthem of Romania. In German the name of the town is "Rosenau", which means rose meadow. Brasov is an excellent starting point for many hikes in the nearby Bucegi or Piatra Craiului Mountains. According to Balázs Orbán, the name Corona – a Latin word meaning "crown" – is first mentioned in the Catalogus Ninivensis in 1235 AD, stating a monastic quarter existed in the territory of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cumania (In Hungaria assignata est paternitas Dyocesis Cumanie: Corona). Eine einzige Antwort mit 43 Buchstaben kennen wir von Kreuzwortraetsellexikon.de. The host city was to be announced in July 2015,[28] in which Lausanne was selected. [18] In 1910 there were 41,056 inhabitants: 10,841 (26.4%) Germans, 11,786 (28.7%) Romanians, 17,831 (43.4%) Hungarians. Another historical name used for Brașov is Stephanopolis,[12] 'from "Stephanos", crown, and "polis", city. [7] Pál Binder supposing it is a reference to the St. Catherine's Monastery. The headquarters of the court of law back in the 15th century, the Council Tower was restored many times, being used until 1923 as an administrative building. The german name was Ekaterinentor. Easy to spot on a taller hill outside the Old Town, this fortress was first mentioned in 1529 and was used for centuries as part of the city’s defensive mechanism. 1 Lösung. Check a complete list of the Top 10 Things To Do in Brasov. The city of Brașov is home to several local media publications such as Transilvania Express, Monitorul Express, Bună Ziua Brașov or Brașovul Tău. Poiana Brașov is the most popular Romanian ski resort and an important tourist center preferred by many tourists from other European states. It was first mentioned in the 13th century under the name of “Corona” – meaning “crown” –, which is represented symbolically by the coat of arms of the city: a crown with roots. You can reach the top on foot, either on the hiking trail or by cable car. Or the Marienkirche by its German name, derives its name from the Great Fire of 1689, during which the damages withstood the restoration of almost 100 years. [17] Although the crusaders were evicted by 1225, the colonists they brought in long ago remained, along with local population in three distinct settlements they founded on the site of Brașov: Germans living in Brașov were mainly involved in trade and crafts. Fortresses: Rupea and Rasnov, Access: A3 from Bucharest to Ploiesti and DN1 from Ploiesti to Brasov. Industrial development in Brașov started in the inter-war period, with one of the largest factories being the airplane manufacturing plant (IAR Brașov), which produced the first Romanian fighter planes used during World War II. All Rights Reserved. The three names of the city (Braşov/Brassó, Kronstadt, and Corona) were used simultaneously in the Middle Ages." The inter-war period was a time of flourishing economy and cultural life in general, which included the Saxons in Brașov as well. The church was seriously damaged by the great fire of 1689 that destroyed much of the city. You need to enter a valid Mailchimp API key. The current Mayor of Brașov (starting October 28, 2020) is Allen Coliban from the Save Romania Union (Uniunea Salvați România). The german name was Ekaterin - ENC7NF from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Brasov: Around 170 km north of →Bucharest in the south-west corner of Transylvania (also known under its German name Siebenbürgen). First documented in writing, in 1235, under the Latin name of Corona, Brasov was also known as Krondstat in German or Brassso in Hungarian. Article History (5) Comments (5) The Latin name of Brasov is CORONA. Rätsel Hilfe für deutscher Name der Jizera (Cz) The German name Kronstadt means "Crown City", and is reflected in the city's coat of arms, as well as in its Medieval Latin name, Corona. This was reflected in the city’s German name, Kronstadt, as well as in its Latin name, Corona, meaning Crown City (hence, the coat of arms of the city which is a crown with oak roots). Sep 24, 2014 - Explore Iby Lippold's board "Brasov -", followed by 386 people on Pinterest. [citation needed]. Today, it serves as the Museum of History, offering a panoramic view over the Council Square. It is also the largest city in a mountain resorts area. Als einzige Antwort gibt es Kronstadt, die 43 Zeichen hat. There is also a regular bus line serving Poiana Brașov, a nearby winter resort and part of the city of Brașov. Bran Castle, situated in the immediate vicinity of Brașov, White Tower with Mount Tâmpa in the background. In autumn 1940, during the National Legionary State, the antisemitic Iron Guard nationalized all Jewish institutions and seized most shops owned by Jews. Brașov (în germană Kronstadt, în maghiară Brassó, în latină Corona; de asemenea pe hărțile vechi trecut Cron∫tadt, Brastovia sau Braßov, în dialectul săsesc Kruhnen, Krűnen, Krînen) este municipiul de reședință al județului cu același nume, Transilvania, România, format din localitățile componente Brașov (reședința) și Poiana Brașov. The location of the city at the intersection of trade routes linking the Ottoman Empire and Western Europe, together with certain tax exemptions, allowed Saxon merchants to obtain considerable wealth and exert a strong political influence. Annually, at "Olimpia" sports ground, the "Brașov Challenge Cup" tennis competition is held. Fortifications were erected around the city and continually expanded, with several towers maintained by different craft guilds, according to medieval custom. Kronstadt hört auf mit t und startet mit K. Falsch oder richtig? The two names of the city, Kronstadt and Corona, were used simultaneously in the Middle Ages, along with the Medieval Latin Brassovia. The cultural and religious importance of the Romanian church and school in Șchei is underlined by the generous donations received from more than thirty hospodars of Moldavia and Wallachia, as well as that from Elizabeth of Russia. Brasov's famous landmark and Romania's leading gothic church, the Black Church towers over the Council Square and the old town. After the King Michael Coup of August 1944, the labor battalions were reduced to 250-300 while most of the Jews managed to obtain their freedom. All are operated by RAT Brașov. Wir erfassen eine Kreuzworträtsel-Antwort zur Kreuzworträtselfrage Deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov. Deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov — Kreuzworträtsel-Hilfe Buchstabenanzahl beliebig 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Casa Monte Verde is located in the center of Brasov overlooking the Tampa Mountain, 150 meters from the pedestrian zone of Street Republic Square and the Black Church in Brasov. Its strategic location on the commercial route that linked the three Romanian provinces and the Balkans to the Baltic States made it a fast-developing economic center, especially after the second part of the 14th century. Brasov was one of the most important Saxon cities of Transylvania. Share your knowledge. The property is located in a historic building in the nineteenth century, it features … With its surrounding localities, Brașov had 369,896 inhabitants as of 2011[update].[6]. The contract for the construction of the main terminal building, with a total area of 11,780 m2 (126,799 sq ft), was awarded to the Romanian contractor Bog'Art Bucharest and was signed on 21 August 2019. Its walls were blackened by the flames and the church, originally named Saint Mary, became known as the Black Church. Powered up by the accelerated industrial development during communism, Brasov became the city of Stalin, a city that, nonetheless, found the courage to revolt against the shortages and absurdity of the regime in 1987. Brașov benefits from a winter tourism season centered on winter sports and other activities. Alle Kreuzworträtsel-Lösungen für deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov mit 9 Buchstaben. It was succeeded by Brașovia Brașov. Nearby is the "Black Church" (Biserica Neagră), which some claim to be the largest Gothic style church in Southeastern Europe. By 1930, Jews numbered 2594 individuals, or 4% of the total population. Aircraft manufacturing resumed in 1968 at first under the name ICA and then under its old name of IAR at a new location in nearby Ghimbav. The oldest traces of human activity and settlements in Brașov date back to the Neolithic age (about 9500 BCE). See more ideas about Brasov, Brasov romania, Romania. You can find Diana on. The German name, Kronstadt, means "Crown City" and this is reflected in the city coat-of-arms, as well as in its Medieval Latin name, "Corona". The first three locations show traces of Dacian citadels; Șprenghi Hill housed a Roman-style construction. Sf. In November 2013, Brașov submitted their bid for the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics. Brasov is surrounded by the Carpathian mountains, making it the perfect base for extensive hiking tours. [10][11] The first attested mention of this name is Terra Saxonum de Barasu ("Saxon Land of Baras") in a 1252 document issued by Béla IV of Hungary. Ride a double-decker bus around the city to get your bearings and see the sites whiz by, then hop off to squeeze down Strada Sforii, the narrowest street in Europe. Brasov is one of the most visited cities in Romania, offerings its tourists a rich mix of history, architecture, culture, urban fun, and impressive natural surroundings. german name , [18], On 29 August 1916, during the First World War, the Romanian Army occupied Brașov. The Medieval city of Corona was founded by German colonists (called the Transylvanian Saxons) in the 13th century. Founded at the beginning of the 13 th century by the Saxons and located at the crossroads between Orient and Occident, Brasov developed as a trade city with the German name “Kronstad”, which means “City of the Crown”. Fortifications were erected around the city and continually expanded, with several towers maintained by different craft guilds, according to medieval custom. Very close to the Upper Walls and the Synagogue, you’ll find one of the narrowest streets in Europe, Sforii Street. In 1838, they established the first Romanian language newspaper Gazeta Transilvaniei and the first Romanian institutions of higher education: Școlile Centrale Greco-Ortodoxe ("The Greek-Orthodox Central Schools", today named after Andrei Șaguna). Others suggest the name derives from the old coat of arms of the city, as it is symbolized by the German name Kronstadt meaning "Crown City". [30], From top, left to right: Panoramic view of the Old Town from the, Dragoș Moldovanu, Toponimie de origine romană în Transilvania și în sud-vestul Moldovei, Anuarul de lingvistică și istorie literară, XLIX-L, 2009–2010, Bucuresti, p 59, Drăganu, Nicolae "Români in veacurile IX—XIV pe baza toponimiei şi a onomasticei" (The Romanians in the 9th - 14th Centuries According to Toponymy and Onomastics), Imprimeria Naţionala, 1933, București, p.560. The Transylvanian Sports Museum is among the oldest in the country and presents the evolution of consecrated sports in the city. This was reflected in the city's German name, Kronstadt, as well as in its Latin name, Corona, meaning Crown City (hence, the coat of arms of the city which is a crown with oak roots). In 1948 the company was renamed "Uzina Tractorul Brașov" known internationally as Universal Tractor Brașov. Only a short walk from it, you’ll discover the ruins of the medieval fortifications. Die nächstgelegenen größeren Nachbarorte sind (im Uhrzeigersinn, im Norden beginnend) Sfântu Gheorghe, Ploiești, Târgoviște, Pitești, Hermannstadt und Mediaș. Orthodox Jews founded their religious organization in 1877. Brasov: From the German Kronstadt to the City of Stalin. Your email address will not be published. Nowadays, the infrastructure of the city allows other sports to be practiced, such as football, rugby, tennis, cycling, handball, gliding, skiing, skating, mountain climbing, paintball, bowling, swimming, target shooting, basketball, martial arts, equestrian, volleyball or gymnastics. We do recommend you book in time your stay in Brasov. However, at the end of World War II many ethnic Germans were forcibly deported to the Soviet Union. Brasov, Transylvania, Romania - July 26, 2014 - Ecaterina Gate was built for the access of Romanians from Schei district in the fortress of Brasov. Although the industrial base has been in decline in recent years, Brașov is still a site for manufacturing hydraulic transmissions, auto parts, ball-bearings, construction materials, hand tools, furniture, textiles and shoe-wear. The last two locations had their names applied to Bronze Age cultures — Schneckenberg ("Hill of the Snails"; Early Bronze Age)[15] and Noua ("The New"; Late Bronze Age).[16]. Brașov has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb). However, Brasov was not spared the destruction caused by the medieval attacks of the Tatars, the Ottomans, or the expansion of regional empires. In 1211, by order of King Andrew II of Hungary, the Teutonic Knights fortified the Burzenland to defend the border of the Kingdom of Hungary. Others suggest the name derives from the old coat of armsof the city, as it is symbolized by the German name Kronstadt meaning "Crown City". Brasov is the core of the historical Country of Barsei, donated in 1211 by the Hungarian King Andrei the 2nd to the Teutonic Knights who settled the area and founded the city of Brasov a few years later. Romania's second largest city, Brasov (Kronstadt in German), is a good place to begin a Saxon trip. The first Jewish community in Brașov was established in 1828, joining the Neolog association in 1868. Short History of Bucharest: From the Medieval Centuries to Communism, Visit Sibiu: The Old Capital of the Transylvanian Saxons, Bucharest Travel Guide: Essential Tips to Plan Your Visit. [9] Other linguists proposed various etymologies including an Old Slavic anthroponym Brasa. The city is notable for being the regional capital of the Transylvanian Saxons of the Burzenland (Romanian: Țara Bârsei) administrative area in the past, and a large commercial hub on the trade roads between East and West. "Stalin City", after the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.[13]. First documented in writing, in 1235, under the Latin name of Corona, Brasov was also known as Krondstat in German or Brassso in Hungarian. The settlers came primarily from the Rhineland, Flanders, and the Moselle region, with others from Thuringia, Bavaria, Wallonia, and even France. Brasov is the core of the historical Country of Barsei, donated in 1211 by the Hungarian King Andrei the 2nd to the Teutonic Knights who settled the area and founded the city of Brasov a few years later. Colțea Brașov was the football champion in 1928, managing a second place in 1927, in its only 10 years of existence (1921–1931). Heavy industry is still abundant, including Roman, which manufactures MAN AG trucks as well as native-designed trucks and coaches. During the communist period, industrial development was vastly accelerated. These three names of the city (Brasov, Kronstadt, and Corona) are used simultaneously in the Middle Age. From 1950 to 1960, during part of the Communist period in Romania, the city was called Orașul Stalin (Stalin City), lit. In August 1942, 850 Jews between the ages of 18 and 50 were drafted into labor battalions and ordered to work in Brașov, while others were sent to Predeal and Bran. Apostoli Petru si Pavel, List of twin towns and sister cities in Romania, 2013 European Youth Winter Olympic Festival, "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011", "Populația României pe localitati la 1 ianuarie 2016", "Români și pecenegi în sudul Transilvaniei", "Erdély etnikai és felekezeti statisztikája", "PRIMARII BRAȘOVULUI (in Romanian), p. 4", "S.C. RATBV S.A. Brasov - operatorul de transport public din Brasov", News Report concerning the Twinning with Linz, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brașov&oldid=994210664, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Hungarian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 16:48. Because of its impregnable nature, it became a major centre for east-west trade, and outsiders paid tolls to … The Black Church is the most famous medieval monument in Brasov. A big part of the factory was demolished during 2013 and 2014 giving way to buildings, shopping mall and recreation parks. According to the latest Romanian census (2011), Brașov has a population of 253,200 making it the 7th most populous city in Romania. In 1945–1946, the Jewish population increased to 3500.[21]. There are about 15,000 inhabitants who live right next to a huge forest that leads up the mountains. Declared a nature reserve for its many species of plant and animals, including one-third of Romania’s butterfly species, this mountain has a maximum altitude of 960 meters and is one of the best-known images of Brasov. In the 17th and 19th centuries, the Romanians in Șchei campaigned for national, political, and cultural rights, and were supported in their efforts by Romanians from all other provinces, as well as by the local Greek merchant community. The first commercial flight could take place in June 2021. [8] According to Pál Binder, the current Romanian and the Hungarian name Brassó ([ˈbrɒʃʃoː]) are derived from the Turkic word barasu, meaning "white water" with a Slavic suffix -ov. Construction works for the passenger terminal started on 17 March 2020 and are expected to be completed by 1 March 2021. Fortifications around the city were erected and continually expanded, with several towers maintained by different craftsmen's guilds, according to the medieval custom. Besides the Black Church, the highlights are the Synagogue, the 14th century Orthodox Church Saint Nicolae, the 18th century Catholic Church Peter and Paul, and the medieval fortified church of Bartolomeu, the oldest monument in the city. Brasov is situated in central Romania, in the south-eastern part of Transylvania, surrounded by picturesque mountains and hills. T… Partly demolished during the systematization of the city from the end of the 19th century, the fortification ensemble still conserves a few walls, bastions, and towers that partly recreate the image of a medieval well-enclosed and powerful citadel. CFR announced a feasibility study for the construction of a rail line (8 km) which would connect the future airport to the Brașov railway station. The first topological mention of Brasov is "Terra Saxonum de Barasu", in a 1252 document. A majority of them emigrated to West Germany after Romania became a democratic country. Brasov's onetime German name, Kronstadt (Crown City), is visible in its coat of arms. If you’re looking for a lovely guest house located in the Old Town, we recommend Villa Katharina, Casa Rozelor, and The Pines Boutique Villa but also the boutique hotels Bella Muzica and Antler. In 1541, Transylvania became an autonomous principality under Ottoman control, and more than one century later it was conquered by the Habsburg Empire. Location. Therefore in the 16th century Brasov will host several schools, libraries, and printing houses. Im Süden und Osten ist die Stadt von den Karpaten umgeben. Those from throughout southern Transylvania were concentrated in Brașov; a further 200 refugees came from Ploiești. Temperatures from May to September fluctuate around 23 °C (73 °F). Transylvanian Saxons played a decisive role in Brașov's development and were invited by Hungarian kings to develop towns, build mines, and cultivate the land of Transylvania at different stages between 1141 and 1300. In German it is "KRONSTADT". Its ethnic composition includes: In 2005, the Brașov metropolitan area was created. (The German … Apr 20, 2014 - Main Sq and the old city hall, Brasov (German: Kronstadt; Hungarian: Brassó; Medieval Latin: Brassovia or Corona), Romania The Medieval city of Corona was founded by German colonists (called the Transylvanian Saxons) in the 13th century. Under Nicolae Ceaușescu's rule, the city was the site of the 1987 Brașov strike. The Holy Roman Emperor and sovereign of Transylvania Joseph II awarded Romanians citizenship rights for a brief period during the latter decades of the 18th century. Its strategic location on the commercial route that linked the three … Home » Attractions » Cities » Brasov: From the German Kronstadt to the City of Stalin, Discover our Brasov Walking Tour. The only access gate still preserved from the initial system is the Renaissance-style Ecaterina’s Gate from 1559. Between 17 and 22 February 2013, the city hosted the 2013 European Youth Winter Olympic Festival. There is also a large brewery. It is home to a freshly restored Saxon fortress from the 14th century, and also to many old Saxon houses. Michael B. Barrett, Indiana University Press, 2013, Colegiul National de Informatică "Grigore Moisil", Colegiul de Stiințe ale Naturii "E. Racoviță", Seminarul Teologic Liceal Ortodox "D. Staniloaie", Fundatia Univ. The city was protected by its thick, Saxon-built ramparts and, on three sides, by mountains. In 1689, a great fire destroyed the walled city almost entirely, and its rebuilding lasted several decades. Brașov has a total population of 253,200 (2011 census). Besides the German (Saxon) population living in the walled city and in the northern suburbs, Brașov had also a significant Romanian and Bulgarian population (living in the Șchei district), and also some Hungarian population (living in the Blumăna district). The German name is still often used as well: Kronstadt, the Hungarian name is Brassó. In 1941, Jews were drafted for service in forced labor battalions. They were up against Lausanne, Switzerland to be awarded the event. Nur eine Antwort mit 43 Zeichen kennen wir von Kreuzwortraetsellexikon.de. Brasov continued its development under both empires, and,  until the Great Union with Romania from 1918, the local Romanian population enjoyed more freedoms than in most parts of Transylvania. Industrialization was accelerated in the Communist era, with special emphasis being placed on heavy industry, attracting many workers from other parts of the country. Some of these are situated in the city center. Austerlitz, Robert ""Brasov-Brasso'-Kronstadt-Berries and Bushes", in Xenia Slavica; Papers Presented to Gojko Ruzicic on the Occasion of his Seventy-Fifth Birthday, 2 February 1969. I have read and accepted the Privacy Policy *, Nearby attractions: Castles: Bran and Peles. Romanian rule over the city lasted until early October, when the area was retaken by the Central Powers in the Battle of Brassó (7-9 October 1916). It is surrounded by the Southern Carpathians and is part of the historical region of Transylvania. The old town of Brasov is one of the best preserved old towns in Europe with splendid architecture so it’s quite understandably one of the most visited places of Romania. Mediaeval studies, Volumes 17-18, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1955, Toronto, Canada, An annual journal of scholarship, History. At least two entrances to the city, Poarta Ecaterinei (or Katharinentor) and Poarta Șchei (or Waisenhausgässertor), are still in existence. They contributed a great deal to the architectural flavor of the city. Download this stock image: Ecaterina Gate was built for the access of Romanians from Schei district in the fortress of Brasov. With a varying width between 111 and 135 centimeters, this street was originally just a space between two lines of houses.